Funding for General Education vs STEM in primary and secondary schools

Prepare:The topic of your essay needs to be a global societal problem from the following “funding for General Education vs STEM in primary and secondary schools”. Review thisGEN499 Sample Final Paperguide for additional guidance on the expectations of this assignment.

Reflect:Based on the topic that you have chosen, you will need to use critical thinking skills to thoroughly understand how this topic can be a global societal problem and determine some logical solution(s) to the problem.

Write:This Final Argumentative Essay will present research relating the critical thinker to the modern, globalized world. In this assignment, you need to address the following items in separate sections with new headings for each:

  • Identify the global societal problem within the introductory paragraph and conclude with a thesis statement that states your proposed solution(s) to the problem. For guidance on how to construct a good introduction paragraph, please review theIntroduction Paragraph Guidelinefrom theAshford Writing Center.
  • Describe background information on how that problem developed or came into existence. Showwhythis is a societal problem, and provide perspectives from multiple disciplines or populations so that you fully represent what different parts of society have to say about this issue.
  • Construct an argument supporting your proposed solution(s). Be sure to consider multiple disciplines or populations so that your solution shows that multiple parts of society will benefit from this solution. Provide evidence from multiple scholarly sources as evidence that your proposed solution is viable.
  • Interpret statistical data from at least three, peer-reviewed scholarly sources. Do this by discussing the validity, reliability, and any biases; identifying the strengths and weaknesses of these sources; and pointing out limitations of current research and attempting to indicate areas for future research. You may even use visual representations such as graphs or charts to explain statistics from sources. Evaluate the ethical outcomes that result from your solution. Be sure to provide at least one positive ethical outcome as well as at least one negative ethical outcome that could result from your solution, and explain at least two ethical issues related to each of those outcomes. It’s important to consider all of society.
  • Develop a conclusion as the last paragraph(s) of the essay, starting with rephrasing your thesis statement and then presenting the major points of the topic and how they support your argument.

The Final Argumentative Essay

  • Must be 3,300 – 3,900 words in length (approximately between 10 – 12 pages; excluding title and reference pages) and formatted according toAPA style.
  • Must include a separatetitle pagewith the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
    • Running header with page numbers
  • Must includein-text citationsfrom at least 10 scholarly sources. Be sure tointegrate your researchrather than simply inserting it.
  • Must document all sources in APA style as outlinedhereandhere.
  • Must have no more than 15% quoted material in the body of your essay based on the Turnitin report. Reference list will be excluded from the Turnitin originality score.
  • Must include a separatereference pagethat is formatted according to APA style.
  • Source Document Requirements:
    • Multimedia sources (such as videos) may be used, but no more than two such sources may be used. If multimedia sources are used, they must be authored and distributed by credible sources, such as universities, law schools, medical schools, or professors, or found in the Ashford University Library.
    • Government sources may be used, but no more than two such sources may be used. Examples include whitehouse.gov, state.gov, usa.gov, cdc.gov, etc. These websites can be used to make a stronger point about your proposed solution within the argument.
    • Where print documents are used for source materials, those must be peer-reviewed, scholarly journal articles, and academically published books. Popular media sources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television and radio shows, etc.) must not be used. Materials from advocacy groups (e.g., Greenpeace, Human Rights Campaign, National Organization for Women, etc.) must not be used.
    • Sites such as ProCon.org and Wikipedia must not be used.
    • Religious texts must not be used.

Good Critical Thinking Tips:

  • Your paper should include academic sources that explain multiple sides of the issue.
  • Your interpretations of the evidence should be objective and state the conclusions and theses presented in the evidence clearly and fairly.
  • Your paper should place the various forms of evidence in relation to one another and demonstrate why one form or perspective is stronger than the other positions that one could take on the issue.
  • Your paper should point out the limitations of current evidence and attempt to indicate areas for future research.

 

  • Annotated Bibliography

 

Liberal Arts versus STEM

So you are graduating high school and want to set yourself up for success in the future.  Which degree do you choose to land that dream job that pays well and makes you want to get out of bed in the morning?  Is it Quantum Physics that excites you, or are you eyeing that future career in news broadcasting and mass media?  What about Engineering or Architecture, is that better than Psychology and History?  Colleges around the United States, as well as the world, are trying to set students up for success and predict what the job market, as well as society, will need in the future.  The government, having only so much money to fund education for the betterment of innovation in the United States, is getting involved in these decisions as well.  Do they continue to fund Liberal Arts degrees the same as Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) degrees, or do we begin to fund one more liberally than the other?

Within this paper we will discuss the cutting of Liberal Arts funding in support of STEM education and how this decision by the government will shape the future workforce for the betterment, or demise, of society and innovation.

Annotation 1: 

Atkinson, R. D., Hugo, J., Lundgren, D., Shapiro, M. J., & Thomas, J. (2007). Addressing the STEM Challenge by Expanding Specialty Math and Science High Schools.NCSSSMST Journal,12(2), 14-23.

Annotation: 

The purpose of this source is to show the need for the United States and the States to fund and grow more high school students into science and mathematics scholars.  This will, in theory, increase our retention of their skillsets and help us become more innovative as a nation.  The content of the source are statistics from surveys, research and scholarly sources that outline the need for increasing STEM funding and retaining graduates within the United States.  The authors of this article utilize 27 sources for their explanation utilizing graphics, statistics, surveys and unbiased research to illustrate their objective.  This source supports the next in that it is co-written by the same author and shows the initial push that they had in Congress to make the changes need to keep STEM graduates within the United State by pushing for America COMPETES Act, HR 2272 and other legislative initiatives.  This source will be used extensively to obtain data that will be used to support arguments and points throughout the essay.

Annotation 2:

Atkinson, R. D., & Mayo, M. J. (2010). Refueling the US innovation economy: Fresh approaches to science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education. The Information Technology & Innovation Foundation, Forthcoming.

Annotation:

This source discusses the decline in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) degrees in the recent past and the need for further innovation, invention and research to be kept in the United States buy graduates of these degrees.  The content of the source are statistics from surveys, research and scholarly sources that outline the need for maintaining STEM funding and retaining graduates within the United States.  The authors of this article utilize over 600 sources for their explanation utilizing graphics, statistics, surveys and unbiased research to illustrate their objective.  This source will serve as one of the go-to cornerstones to my research and will be used to obtain peer-reviewed research and statistics to back arguments that will be made throughout.  This source gets to numerous suggestions on how to institute a “Some STEM for All” approach into a more powerful, less costly, and more socially equitable “All STEM for Some” approach” (pg 148).

Annotation 3: 

Chopp, R., Frost, S., & Weiss, D. H. (Eds.). (2015). Remaking college: Innovation and the liberal arts. JHU Press.

Annotation:

This source discusses the importance of pricing in the collegiate realm and the need to ensure that we are maintaining affordable education for all qualified high school graduates to obtain a college education.  The authors of this article utilize 23 sources for their explanation utilizing graphics, statistics, surveys and unbiased research to illustrate their objective.  This source will serve as one of my go-to cornerstones to my research and will be used to obtain peer-reviewed research and statistics to back arguments that will be made throughout.  This source answers the financial questions to arguments that will occur in my essay and will bring validity to any of those points.  “We want to clarify some of the challenges facing American higher education generally, and to propose possible paths forward, keeping in mind the specific issues faced by different types of institutions” (pg.44).

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *